How to recognize them and distinguish symptoms

For some, this is a rare nuisance, when they are too much at the table, with alcohol, or when the neck and back are kept in a spoiled position for too long. But for many people, especially women, Headache It is a real threat to the quality of life. This is the case, for example, fromMigraineIn its various forms, it mainly affects women. In these cases, it is always necessary to rely on a specialist who is able to offer the most appropriate solution possible, on a case-by-case basis.

To raise awareness of a problem that does not allow to really live, from Monday 9 May until Sunday 15 the National Headache Week is celebrated, promoted by the SIN (Italian Society of Neurology) and SISC (Italian Society for the Study of Headache). During the initiative, and thanks to the social campaign “Let’s face it”, from have a headache He was invited to record a short video clip of maximum 1 minute containing a question about the disease answered by a SIN or SISC expert. The video answer, along with the question, will be posted on the institutional social profiles of Sin and SISC. Videos should be sent to social@neuro.it.

Headache or migraine?

There are two main categories: Primary headache They are disorders in themselves that are not related to other diseases and are the most common, while secondary headache They depend on other diseases, such as, for example, headaches from the head and / or cervical trauma, from cerebrovascular disorders (such as stroke), from non-vascular diseases of the skull (such as brain tumors, hypertension or hypotension in the cerebrospinal fluid). In contrast, primary headaches include migraine, tension headache, and cluster headache and are characterized by type of painseverity, location in the head, duration, frequency, and other associated symptoms. A migraine is characterized by a throbbing pain of moderate to severe intensity that is often localized in the center of the head and face.

The patient failed to perform None of the daily activities Because each action exacerbates the pain, and sometimes (migraine with aura), precedes the attacks Neurological disorders Such, for example, visual symptoms. An attack usually occurs with other illnesses such as vomiting, intolerance to light and noise, and can last from a few hours to 2-3 days. Two thirds of migraine patients are women.

On the other hand, tension headaches are of mild to moderate intensity, gravitational or systolic type (classic circle of the head) lasting for a few minutes, hours, or even a few days, are not exacerbated by usual physical activities and are generally not associated with nausea or vomiting. It is the most common form of headache and has a prevalence of about 80%. Factors genetic predisposition It may have some influence in the development of tension headaches as well as environmental factors including stress and fatigue, bad situations o Reducing sleep hours. Finally, cluster headaches cause shorter (1-3 hours) painful attacks that are very severe and painful following one or more times a day for a period of about 2 months (cluster), alternating with pain-free periods. The affected area is that Eye Unlike the other two forms, cluster headaches mostly affect men. Usually, episodes recur periodically with seasonal recurrences or 1-2 periods per year.

It is important to arrive early

Estimates from the World Health Organization say headache It affects one in every two people With seizures occurring at least once a year. The problem manifests itself at any age. More than 40% of children have headaches while 10 in 100 children have migraines, a common form of primary headache. “Six million people, or 12% of the population, are those in Italy who suffer from migraine, a specific type of headache characterized by pulsating pain with moderate to severe intensity, often localized to the middle of the head and face – explains Alfredo Berardelli, Head of SIN. It is such a debilitating disease that it has been identified by the World Health Organization as the disease that causes the greatest disability in the age group between 20 and 50 years, that is, at the moment of life when we are most productive.”

Really important numbers, for any one of them early diagnosis really can change disease progressionBecause it avoids important consequences such as chronic disorder and substance abuse. “Thanks to the discovery of the mechanism that produces migraine pain – comments Paolo Calabresi, President of SISC – new therapies based on monoclonal antibodies have entered clinical practice and mark an important change in the treatment of migraine prevention because these therapies reduce the number of occasional attacks and are even effective In the most serious forms such as chronic migraine and resistant to other previously used drugs. Moreover, in the face of all these benefits, there are very few side effects.”

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