As we all know, the human body is literally a perfect machine. In fact, every cell, nerve, or organ behaves just as if it were an organ, without which it would cease to function as it should. However, in order to survive, the human body must fight every day against various external factors, such as viruses and bacteria, that undermine its integrity. But other times, the body also becomes intolerant of other internal mechanisms, as if it is sabotaging itself. Panic attacks, for example, fall into this context. In the next few lines we will try to reveal the causes, symptoms, and treatments available to those who suffer from these disorders.
What does a panic attack consist of?
A panic attack consists of the sudden, spontaneous and recurring appearance of anxiety, tension, and fear, without an apparent cause.
This disorder occurs when you feel, suddenly and for no apparent reason, terrified of something. Depending on the severity of the situation, there are people who experience these situations occasionally, at least once or twice a month. For others, it may appear more frequently, such as once or twice a week.
Chest pain, hot flashes and sweating may be the first signs of this common disease
In fact, these attacks will not cause physical harm, but they can be frightening and severe, not least because their symptoms are similar to other diseases. They include, for example, anemia, mitral valve prolapse, tachycardia, adrenal tumors, carcinoid syndrome, etc.
Symptoms can be very different, both depending on people and emergency situations. In fact, a person who has already suffered from this disorder may fear a subsequent attack and make the situation worse. These include heart palpitations, chest pain, hot flashes and sweating. In addition, nausea, abdominal pain, feeling faint, dizziness, shortness of breath and a feeling of suffocation may appear.
Treatments and treatment
In case of frequent and frequent panic attacks, it is advisable to contact an experienced specialist as soon as possible. Treatments usually include:
- Take medications, such as antidepressants containing the hormone serotonin, that would help manage these attacks effectively. In general, this treatment continues for about a year and, depending on the patient’s response, is gradually suspended;
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which consists of helping the patient change their thoughts and actions to manage panic, stress, and anxiety. Depending on the severity of the situation, this approach can last from 4 to 12 months;
- The combined approach, which is the most effective, which consists in subjecting the patient to both treatments.
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