1) What is meant by monkeypox or monkeypox?
It is an infectious disease particularly prevalent in Africa among apes but also in some rodents. The countries most affected by this disease are Ghana and Nigeria. The English name was chosen to distinguish it from another virus, chicken pox, which is characterized by spots on large balls. According to scientists, the origin of this pathogen is still unknown, but it would be the countless case of “spreading”, jumping, between humans and animals. International surveillance was already very high even before the last recorded cases even if the infection was much less dangerous than human smallpox, which was eradicated from the world in the 1980s thanks to a massive vaccination campaign.
2) Is the transmission of this virus from animals to humans frequent?
No, crossing from animal to human is rare and then it is transmitted from one individual to another. Air transmission (by breathing droplets) is very rare while it is most common through lesions of the skin and mucous membranes (eyes and mouth). Sexual transmission is never defined, but it is plausible that infection occurs through intimate relationships.
3) Does the person who does not show symptoms transmit the disease?
At the moment, there are no contagious cases of an asymptomatic patient, but as a precaution, close contacts of people diagnosed with the disease are always monitored.
4) What are the most common symptoms in humans?
The most common are fever, headache, body aches and fatigue. Then the lymph nodes in the neck swell and after a few days bubbles appear on the skin, which immediately appear in the form of small spots. The disease usually clears up within two to four weeks and leaves no consequences. On the other hand, the incubation period lasts about two weeks after infection.
5) Why are we talking about alerts now?
Because anomalies have been reported, mainly in Portugal, Spain, the UK, England and Italy. In our area at the moment there is only a positive note.
6) Is the disease usually not very common in Europe?
Yes, it has been reported very rarely in recent years in both Europe and North America. sick-
It has always been attributed to endemic areas where the virus is most prevalent. So this phenomenon has never been a warning, and even now, the risk of infection is defined as low.
7) What are the strategies in place in Italy to contain the infection?
The Istituto Superiore di Sanità has activated a control room of experts to follow the development of the situation. The working group constantly confronts the World Health Organization.
8) Can the human smallpox vaccine, mandatory until 1981 in Italy, help stop the spread of the virus?
There is certainly a similarity between human smallpox and monkey because they both belong to the same “family” of viruses. Therefore, antifungals provide a certain degree of protection even if time has passed since the vaccination campaign, which obviously affects their effectiveness.
9) Is there a vaccine against monkeypox?
There is currently no vaccine, but the human smallpox vaccine can provide good coverage as a preventative for people who have come into contact with sick individuals.
10) How do we prevent infection?
The precautions are the same as for other infectious diseases, the ones we have consistently applied to Covid in recent months. So the first rule remains personal hygiene, and in case of spots or “bubbles” on the body, immediately contact your family doctor.
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