Trento. They have been since the beginning of the year Already ten reports of tuberculosis infection in Trentino. This is the data for the first weeks of heat causing a real explosion of ticks across the region. If since the beginning of the year two cases were reported in the Belluno region (one, among other things, related to Trentino) in the province of Trento, then the cases have already reached a dozen (and only yesterday the alarm for infected ticks was raised from the capital’s childhood school).
On the other hand, with the advent of summer, the presence of ticks in the forest increases and thus the possibility of infection with small parasites that feed on human and animal blood. Stings are neither painful nor palpable, but unfortunately they can have serious consequences if the parasite is infected. The main diseases transmitted by ticks are Lyme disease and TBE (or tick-borne encephalitis).
illness Lime It is the most common tick-borne disease diagnosed in Trentino: The pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi It is estimated that In 16% of ticks. From From 2000 to 2020, there were 372 known cases of Lyme disease. with Average of 17 cases/year; in the past cWithin five years, the annual rate rose to 41 cases. In the In 2020, 45 cases were registered. This year we have already reached 10 cases in a few weeks.
cases TBE (Tick-borne viral encephalitis) From 2000 to 2020 they were 204, with an annual average of 9.7. in the past cWithin five years, the annual rate of cases has doubled: 23.2 cases. In the 2020 was recorded 32 cases.
The whole of Trentino can be considered in danger, however, in recent years, i Cases appear to be concentrated in some areas such as Valle di Non, Val di Cembra and Valle dei Laghi.
TBE is a disease in the beginning Flu-like which can heal without problems although it can sometimes develop into A more severe form such as meningitis or encephalitis. In some cases it can be left Permanent damage to the nervous system. Appropriate TBE cases, that is, with neurological symptoms, generally account for 25% of infections that are, for the most part, asymptomatic or cause a form called ‘febrile headache’, without the development of symptoms to the nervous system.
There is a vaccine against TBE, which is given free of charge to the residents of Trentino. The The TBE vaccine can be administered by adults and children from the first year of life. The course of vaccination consists of three doses, the second should be carried out 1-3 months after the first and third Created 5 to 12 months from the second. The vaccination can be booked without a prescription from CUP online (https://cup.apss.tn.it). The indication is to start the vaccination cycle preferably in the fall/winter so that it is adequately covered for the summer season. For more information about ticks and possible infectious diseases: https://www.apss.tn.it/Docuenti-e-dati/Pubblicazioni/Attzione-alle-ze…. in Trentino Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is free and also available this season.
To avoid tick bites during trekking and hiking in the forest, here is the advice of Apss:
Walk on trails and avoid direct contact with plants or weeds as much as possible
Wear opaque clothes (long sleeves and long pants) and in light colors, closed shoes and a hat
Use insect repellent containing DEET on exposed skin.
after every trip Make sure there are no ticks on the skin, and examine the entire body and not just the exposed areas. possible mint It should be removed as soon as possible, but it is not necessary to go to the emergency room, Just use a pair of tweezers (there are special tweezers):
Do not put irritants on the parasite
Do not touch the tick directly with your hands
– with tweezers Hold the tick close to the skinwithout crush it; Pull gently without tearingI, until publication
Sterilize the small wound (with non-colored disinfectants) or wash it with soap and water
– Make the extracted tick harmless (burn it or stick it on duct tape).
after, after After tick removal No need to take antibiotics or ask your doctor for blood tests:
– for the next month Check your skin every day Where is mint found?
– if she appears Red spots that spread to the skin and/or fever, joint pain or other ailments, see your doctor.