With Covid increased confidence in Italians, 9 out of 10 effective and safe – Il Tempo


ROME, June 14 (Adnkronos Salute) – Italians have increased confidence in vaccinations with the Covid-19 pandemic: more than 9 out of 10 citizens believe that vaccines are safe and effective tools. Among the undecided, 1 in 2 is willing to re-evaluate their options. Increased dialogue with physicians and pharmacists, clear and transparent information/communications from institutions, and an increase in management settings (pharmacy, workplace and school) and incentives are some of the factors that emerge as determinants of increased desire for vaccination, even among hesitant. This is what emerged from the survey of a sample of two thousand citizens, conducted by The European House-Ambrosetti and the Interdepartmental Center for Ethics and Integrity in Research of the National Research Council (Cnr), in collaboration with Swg, presented in Rome during an event organized by The European House – Ambrosetti with a non-adaptive contribution from Pfizer.

So the survey revealed that 92% believe that vaccines are a safe and effective health tool for combating infectious diseases and that the level of confidence during the pandemic has risen for 33% of respondents, especially among men in the South and South regions. Among Generation Z. Positive indicators are also positive in light of the resumption of the Covid vaccination campaign next fall: 77% are in favor of the fourth dose of vaccination against Covid next fall and 17% of those who have not yet been vaccinated are open to doing so.

Data on influenza vaccination are also encouraging, with 95% of people vaccinated in the last season expressing support for repeat administration. It was also found that 88% of those interviewed feel that they are familiar with the vaccines and prefer their doctor, the opinion of scientists and the websites of institutions as sources of information. Informal channels of information, such as friends, relatives, social media/forums/blogs, remain the most frequently used sources by those who are more skeptical about vaccinations.

Knowledge of compulsory vaccinations is also good, while knowledge about other recommended vaccinations is poor: 98% of the interviewed said they were aware of the existence of compulsory vaccinations in children’s age, but only 76% remember at least some of them, values ​​that drop by 94 % and 63%, respectively, for the recommended childhood vaccinations. In either case, the most enlightened people are the people with minor children and the women. The Compulsory Vaccinations Act for the 0-16 age group and several awareness initiatives that have been implemented have contributed to increasing the level of knowledge of childhood vaccinations with subsequent coverage rates that, although decreased during the pandemic, are still based on values ​​above 90%.

The status of vaccinations varies in adolescence and adulthood. Only 34% said they had been vaccinated against papillomavirus (aged 18-30), only 28% against pneumococcal (ages 60-70), and only 11% against shingles (aged 60-70). 70 years old (years). says Daniela Bianco, Partner and Head of Healthcare at The European House – Ambrosetti. “Moreover, 1 in 2 of those hesitant and opposed to some vaccinations such as anti-pneumococcal, anti-herpes zoster and anti-papillomavirus are willing to learn more before making a decision. Therefore, there is a need to increase efforts in communication to increase the level of citizens’ knowledge of these vaccinations. “.

And again: 83% of respondents said they know people who would hesitate or refuse to vaccinate: if 26% hesitated or refused to vaccinate for all vaccines in general, then 57% only indicated a vaccine against Covid. The perceived barriers to vaccination are mainly: fear of health risks and information gaps (incorrect or missing information). Even among people who have declared that they do not consider vaccines safe and effective and who have not been vaccinated against Covid, safety concerns have been confirmed as the main reason for not vaccinating, followed by skepticism about trials.

Among the tools that, according to the citizens themselves – from which the survey emerges – can contribute to an increase in the level of trust in vaccination programs include: greater dialogue with their trusted doctor or pharmacist, greater transparency of the health institutions they interact with in the field of health and more frequent information campaigns by health institutions; Greater dialogue and better information are also the most effective tools for getting people who hesitate or refuse to get vaccinated to change their minds.

The increase in vaccination points also makes it possible to bring citizens closer to vaccination prevention: especially pharmacies, but also places of study and work are most common; Even among those who are less likely to be vaccinated or have not been vaccinated against Covid, the pharmacy is a convenient place to administer the vaccines.

“55% of the respondents are also open to economic incentives, foremost among which are free medical check-ups and exams, bonuses for gyms and gyms, and tools that in addition to increasing the level of citizens’ trust have a role in revitalizing economic activity,” says Andrea Grignolio, President of the Vaccine Frequency Forum of the Intergovernmental Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Departments for Ethics and Integrity in Research at Cnr. “These are proactive tools aimed at obtaining greater vaccination compliance that can complement those already in use such as disincentives and sanctions and that would bring Italian vaccination policies into line with those promoted by many other countries.”

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