Is smoking and high blood pressure linked? Yes, although some claim that smoking lowers blood pressure, this is a misinformation. We know how harmful smoking is not only to the cardiovascular system but to the whole body. In fact, smoking causes problems in organs and tissues because it reduces the oxygen in the blood.
From the point of view of the venous walls, this leads to a collapse of the arterial vessels. In fact, high pressure impedes the normal flow of blood and thus prevents proper oxygenation of organs and tissues. So it is not just a circulatory problem but a harmful factor that is reflected in the entire metabolism process.
The relationship between smoking and high blood pressure
When a person becomes addicted to smoking, they find it difficult to quit. Usually certain gestures exacerbate the problem because we feel an almost physical deficiency that affects our mind. We have the misconception that cigarettes are able to relax the muscles but in reality we are running on a treadmill.
The need to introduce nicotine causes our bodies to demand it from the mind. The mind is altered by manifesting desire in an obsessive manner and it only ends when we turn on the famous “Blonde”. So the body and mind can relax because they finally get the “fix” they need. The result is a feeling of contentment, relaxation and contentment, but it is an induced sensation rather than a true manifestation of well-being.
We must also say, however, that the carbon monoxide released with smoke has a vasodilating action but is only temporary and corresponds to the moment we smoke. Immediately after this, the blood vessels contract again and the normal functioning of the circulatory system is restored. On the other hand, cells function differently.
After the vasodilatation, they stress the thought of some circulatory problems and thus cause the pressure to rise. This stage occurs later, doing the job of comparing what the organism just felt as a kind of threat. Alternating contraction and expansion leads to oxidative stress and in the long run can cause certain hardening of blood vessels that can manifest symptoms of stroke, heart attack or ischemia.
However, this leads to the implementation of countermeasures at the cellular level, which, in contrast, harden resulting in an increase in blood pressure. Not only. Carbon monoxide also damages the respiratory enzymes of mitochondria, cellular energy and the respiratory system of the cell: this leads to the formation of free radicals and thus to oxidative stress.
Moreover, in the lungs, carbon monoxide kills mitochondria systemically resulting in reduced oxygen flowing to healthy tissues and skin and liberating the formation of free radicals.
Reduces high blood pressure
Heart rate and blood pressure return to normal values about 30 minutes after smoking. By quitting smoking, in about a month, the substances that have so far poisoned our bodies will be expelled. After one year, the values return to normal and the arterial status returns to the original values.