Exposure to solar radiation at this time of year is a very important issue. As we know, solar radiation is one of the risk factors for the emergence of skin cancers. Scientists have identified “high-risk groups” that need to pay close attention to sun exposure.
In many countries, including Italy, skin cancer is an occupational disease in all respects for some categories of workers.
According to the Umberto Veronesi Foundation magazine, at least 700,000 workers in Italy must learn how to protect themselves. One other carcinogen has been found that puts the health of many workers at risk: cigarette smoke.
So who are these vulnerable workers? Research published in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, carried out by a team of participating German researchers 778 between women and men divided between indoor and outdoor workers – farmers, mountain guides and gardeners. The results were amazing.
What happens to these workers and what they do
in A third of mountain guides are found to have cases of non-melanoma skin cancers (although sunscreen is used in many cases), In 27% of farmers, and in 19.5% of gardeners. between Two internal factors, the incidence of melanoma was only 5.6%.. Height and number of hours spent outdoors It was the most common cause of the disease.
Tumors are found mainly in areas of the body exposed to the sun – Over 80 percent on the face and forehead, but none on the back of the neck. Causal links have been elucidated with the major types of skin cancers, squamous cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and actinic keratosis, a lesion that can progress to squamous cell carcinoma.
How to prevent the risk of disease? Inail has released a handbook for outdoor workers to defend themselves from solar radiation. Remember to use first Hats are able to protect the face, ears and neckThe clothes that cover the arms and legs. Despite being hot, the best protection It is covering the skin using light fabrics that do not attract a lot of rays, fresh and spacious.
The most important advice is to avoid sun exposure if possible in the hours most at risk – which peak between 11 and 15 – and to try to stay in the shade for meals. Use sunglasses It is always important (of good quality, that it can reflect sunlight), and Always use sunscreen, even in winter. This means that, especially in summer, Even if the sky is cloudy, you should protect your skin completely.