Tensions between Russia and Lithuania, and Moscow: if freight traffic to Kaliningrad does not resume, we will act

The situation is more serious, “warns Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for the Kremlin, specifying the decision of the Lithuanian government to ban the transit of railways through its territory, in both directions, for goods imposed by the European Union “unprecedented and illegal” sanctions. Lithuania, a member state of NATO is considered and the European Union, a mandatory corridor of communications between Moscow, through Belarus, and the Kaliningrad exclave, a Russian “island” on the Baltic Sea bordering Lithuania, in the north, and Poland in the north. South: is there a risk that a second front will open, and this is more dangerous because it will include Direct NATO, along with the Ukrainian front?

Most analysts do not believe that Vladimir Putin wants to embark on a second challenge with the West, even before the first challenge, whose difficulties turned out to be much higher than expectations, was resolved. However, the tone of the ultimatums: if Vilnius does not immediately reverse a decision deemed “openly hostile”, and completely reconfigure the transit of goods, Moscow reserves the right to take “unprecedented decisions in defense of its national interests”, after careful analysis. This is the letter that was sent to the head of the Lithuanian diplomatic representation in Moscow, who was summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (the ambassador was summoned in April in Vilnius in protest of the killing of civilians in Ukraine).

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From Luxembourg, where yesterday he participated in the EU Foreign Affairs Council, Lithuanian head of diplomacy Gabrielius Landsbergis announced that his government had simply implemented a European decision: “Lithuania has done nothing – he explained – it is a question of sanctions European regulations came into effect on June 17. It was a decision It was taken in consultation with the European Commission and in accordance with European Commission directives.”

Later, a Lithuanian Railways spokeswoman also denied imposing “any unilateral or national restrictions”, adding that the transit of passengers and non-sanctioned goods was still guaranteed. Confirming statements in Luxembourg made by Josep Borrell, High Commissioner for Foreign Affairs who explained that the EU is checking any legal aspects related to transit between Kaliningrad and other countries.

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According to Andrei Klimov, Deputy Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Russian Senate, Federation Council, the alleged blockade of Kaliningrad violates the terms of Lithuania’s accession to the European Union in 2004, and therefore will “by any means” face opposition. Vilnius then agreed to allow civilian and military traffic between Russia and what was formerly known as Königsberg, which was wrested from the Germans after World War II. After the invasion of Ukraine, the Lithuanian government asked Brussels for additional funds to modernize the security system along the railway section between the border with Belarus and the Russian province.

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