Kaliningrad, the former guardian of the Soviet border that Putin dreamed of as a Trojan horse in the European Union. But without supplies it would probably collapse

Russian ghetto Kaliningrad It is the product of an era Stalin: since conference Tehran In December 1943 Kremlin The desire to occupy this part of the area between PolandThe Lithuania and the Baltic SeaIt has been inhabited by the Germans for nearly seven centuries. The Kaliningrad Territory, to understand what is going on around it, has a surface more or less equal to that surface Calabria Its current population – nearly 90% of Russian origin – is roughly equal to the city of Turin. On one side it overlooks the Baltic Sea for a distance of 145 kilometers, while on the other side it overlooks the European Union. This point is very important: it is not Poland or Lithuania that decides on Trafficking in people, goods, capital and services Between these countries and Kaliningrad, but it exists European Commission. In short, Warsaw And the Vilnius They are only executors of the decisions made by all the states and the “union government”, but in fact they are directly in the front line. Moscow threatening Vilnius – rather than Brussels – tells the daughter-in-law of the reason for her mother-in-law’s intention.

Why is this isolator so important for Moscow, whose capital is more than a thousand kilometers while the crow flies? Let’s say it’s a wreck World War II And the first part of cold War thatsoviet union In recent years after 1991, the Russian Federation struggled to recognize its role – very ambitious – at first. Practically, three generations ago, the human and military presence of the Soviets served in KaliningradUSSR To keep one foot in the heart of Europe, with enough battalions a “settlement of accounts” with the East Germany – As happened in 1953 – and with Poland, in case they tried to break away from the Soviet orbit. It also – and above all – had to work to turn the Baltic Sea into “Russian lake”Thanks to the presence of rules from Germany even LeningradThus, without much compliments, the Soviet Navy – which in the former Tsarist capital had one of its most strategic ports – could easily turn towards the opposite end of the Baltic Sea and from there, taking advantage of the Swedish neutralitycondone black sea. By the way, Kaliningrad did not require any fortification: among the allies Washington And the LondonJust Denmark It had a fairly large naval power. For the rest, Sweden’s non-alignment is e Finland He gave the Soviets carte blanche in the Baltic Sea. Which, it should be noted, has a length of about 1,600 km, which is 60% more than our peninsula, while its average width is not more than 200 km. Simply put, it does not allow passage of international waters, but requires from time to time to request permission to allow merchant ships or cruisers to pass.

With the end of the USSR, there was no shortage of doubts about the sustainability of the administration of this patch of land: Lithuania, Poland and even Germany were not very interested in taking it, also because there were almost a million Russians inside it, a “Trojan horse” Moscow. And so, with the return put it in In the Kremlin, in 2012, geostrategic role The small territory, which is less than one in a thousand of the Russian territory: Moscow has invested heavily in making one Naval and missile forces base. In doing so, he altered the midfield of his interests in that region further east, attempting to cut through the Baltic – and Swedish Island Gotland – From the western world. We can say that all of Putin’s calculations are wrong: without the benevolent neutrality of Sweden and Finland, which have been afraid of the Kremlin for years, navigating those waters without an “international highway” would have been impossible. After this summer crisis, it is doubtful that the oblast can survive without the possibility of receiving fuel to Transportation And heating in addition to separate pieceBy sea and land. Indeed, even by air, given that in any case Russian planes or planes transiting to and from Russia should seek permission from the Baltic states, Poles and Scandinavians, all countries “frightened” Moscow for some time.

In short, this story shows how an important resource, if managed without judgment, can completely lose its value. Thus, it is not excluded that the descendants of almost half a million Russians who were forcibly brought here in the 1940s will be moved east in the coming months so as not to be frozen. But who feels that it is unlikely that Russia decided, by provocation, to release the gods? Hypersonic missiles From the slopes centered in Kaliningrad towards Ukraine, violating Lithuanian airspace in the name of North Koreans with the Japan?

Leave a Comment