Is coarse salt bad for cholesterol? Here’s the whole truth

Coarse salt is bad for cholesterol because it raises blood levels, causing more serious problems. High cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease. It is a major cause of heart attacks and other coronary heart diseases. In fact, high cholesterol may be the main risk factor for death in the Western population.

The role of diet on blood lipids is well known, but there are still differences between the different recommendations of health organizations and scientific societies. These discrepancies revolve around which foods must be eaten more or less frequently to achieve optimal blood lipid profiles.

One of these foods is salt. There are many studies in this regard, which indicated that excessive consumption of salt increases the levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides circulating in the body and reduces high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. For this reason, many people believe that reducing salt intake can lower LDL-C and improve your overall lipid profile.

Coarse salt is bad for cholesterol

The average person needs 2-3 grams of salt per day, but around the world, about 90% of people consume too much sodium. The World Health Organization recommends reducing salt intake to less than 5 grams per day, or 3 grams per day for people with high blood pressure.

How much salt is actually taken? The average intake is between 10 and 12 grams per day. The risk is greater for people who have high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or kidney disease. In particular, coarse salt is considered the most dangerous because it does not convey the idea of ​​actual consumption.

In some studies, participants were given intakes of more than 5 grams per day, while in others they were given intakes of less than 3 grams per day. More recent meta-analysis studies have shown that sodium intake between 3 and 5 grams per day is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The results of these studies have been very diverse and often contradictory. So, how should we act?

A long-term study showed that dietary cholesterol had little effect on blood cholesterol. This study followed more than 100,000 people for more than 10 years. It was concluded that people whose diets contain high amounts of cholesterol do not have elevated levels of cholesterol in their blood. The results of this study were confirmed by other studies.

salt and blood pressure

Blood pressure can be affected by sodium intake. One study found that reducing sodium reduced blood pressure by about 2 mmHg from systolic and 0.5 mmHg from diastolic. Healthy diets that reduce sodium and increase potassium have been shown to have a modest effect on blood pressure. This reduction in sodium intake can be achieved by reducing the amount of sodium consumed in foods, choosing unsalted foods (such as fresh fruits and vegetables), and using spices and herbs to add flavor instead of salt.

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