Today, July 4, ten years have passed since the discovery of the most famous particle, the Higgs boson, thanks to which there is mass, but this page of physics is far from closed. In fact, beauty begins now, because there are still many open questions. One of the great experiments of the world’s largest accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (Lhc) of CERN in Geneva, which ten years ago witnessed the Higgs boson with the Lhc experiment, said Stefano Giago, a national national director of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (Infn), affiliated with the Atlas Collaboration, said. Other, Cms.
Ironically, he said, the discovery ten years ago opened the way for a large number of additional research and investigations. Since then, particle physicists have obtained a kind of identity card for the Higgs boson, noticed anomalies, and examined them. ‘A great deal of LHC has been collected’ and now that the accelerator is ready for the new collisions, expected on July 5th, enthusiasm is running high and expectations very high. If all goes as planned, at the end of this new three-year data-collection campaign, called Run 3, particle physicists are expecting double the amount of data they have achieved so far. Giago said that thanks to the improvements made during the last technical break, “the experiments will perform much better and will ensure greater accuracy.”
It will be possible to search for answers to the questions that are still open, from those on the mass of the Higgs boson and its properties to those on the particles that make up dark matter, that is, the invisible matter that occupies about 25% of the universe: “It could be a turning point for new physics. “. With that spirit and enthusiasm, the eventful week that opens today is Discovery’s birthday, while Tuesday the fifth will be the day of the first collisions at the Lhc accelerator.
In Italy, festivities are organized by the Infn, with events scheduled from July 4th to the end of the year. Celebrations of the most famous particles are also running on social networks, for example in the video in which the research heroes on the Higgs boson recount the discovery, which Infn plans to publish on July 4th along with the podcast series. In six episodes, online events for kids, and webinars, like the one that will tell us about the discovery from July 6.
The “Wonders of Physics” program is also dedicated to the Higgs boson, organized as part of the Ichep (International Conference on High Energy Physics), which from July 6 to 13 will see Bologna the capital of world physics, with hundreds of researchers from all over the world.