Europe: Mandatory Adas from today (on new models)

It opens a new page in the introduction to road safety in Europe. As of today, all new certified vehicles must be equipped with a series of electronic and driving assistance devices that are clearly intended to reduce accidents. this grandmother, Established in 2019, at the moment concerns only new models, i.e. simplification of those introduced starting today by car manufacturers. Already approved models – that is, those currently on official price lists – are, on the other hand, legally exempt from this obligation until July 6, 2024. As of that date, in fact, all models for sale in dealerships, therefore both models must contain Newly approved and previous homologation models have new safety equipment. It must be said, moreover, that many models currently on sale, especially the Premium Marche or mid- and superior segments, are already equipped with some of this equipment.

ADAS Explosion. What is it exactly? Much has been said in recent months about black box Integrated into cars, the so-called event data recorder, or, as it is technically defined, EDR, event data recorder. But the list of devices mentioned in the regulation of the European Parliament 2019/2144 and the Council of November 27, 2019, known simply as a regulation on vehicle safety, is rather long: it ranges from an intelligent speed converter, namely ISA (Intelligent Speed ​​Assistant), to notice inattention and fatigue From the driver, from reporting an emergency arrest to preparing for the so-alled alcohtck, the device that detects the alcohol content of the driver.In addition, but only for heavy vehicles, in order to transport objects and people, there are advanced systems capable of detecting the presence of pedestrians and occupants Bicycles located near the front of the car or on the side of the sidewalk.However, in this case, the adoption dates are postponed later.Let’s see in detail.

Built-in black box. The expected black box is a device similar to the one that is currently installed in aftermarket mode, which, at the free decision of the car owner, is carried out by insurance companies. In practice, these are devices capable of recording and saving a series of data for an interval between the immediate preceding and those immediately following an accident. The data that the system must record are the speed, braking, position and inclination of the vehicle in relation to the road, as well as the status and frequency of all active safety and accident prevention systems on the vehicle. Obviously this device will not be disabled by the user and the recorded data “is”, the texts, “protected for tampering and abuses”. Accident.” In short, the content of the black box is not related to the car or the car, but the police force, in the event of an accident, will be able to use it to rebuild its dynamics, thereby assigning responsibilities.

speed converter. Another novelty that is getting a lot of discussion is the ISA, the Intelligent Speed ​​Adaptation, a “system”, as defined by the regulation, “which helps the driver maintain the most appropriate speed for the road environment by providing an appropriate signal”. On this machine, too, the standard dwells in detail, specifying that it must meet a series of “minimum requirements”. In particular, “it shall be possible to inform the driver by an acceleration order, or by other specific, sufficient and effective indication, that the applicable speed limit has been exceeded”; “It should be possible to turn off the system,” but in this case “it should still be possible to provide information about the speed limit to the driver.” In any case, “Intelligent Speed ​​Adaptation is in the normal operating mode for each general vehicle outage activation”, i.e. it is automatically reactivated after each engine is turned off. Once again: “The signal (presented to the driver, so) is based on information about the speed limit obtained by monitoring road signs and signals from the road infrastructure or digital mapping data, or both, available on board the vehicle; Hardware “Does not affect drivers’ ability to exceed the speed suggested by the system”; “Performance goals should be set in such a way that they avoid or reduce the error rate according to real driving conditions.”

It will be disabled, but it will restart automatically. Let’s then translate how all of this translates into practice. The speed limit must be indicated to the driver: this can happen in different ways (visually, for example with the projection of the indication on the head-up display, as is already the case in many cars, or with a mechanical indication on the throttle or acoustics), but it remains The driver is free to ignore this warning and even turn off the system. Which, however, will be automatically reactivated each time the vehicle is started. This possibility is indispensable for various reasons. Maximum detection by a vehicle occurs on the basis of monitoring road signs by cameras installed on board or on the basis of the signal provided to the vehicle by the road infrastructure itself, in the case of an intelligent road traveled, or, again, from data contained in any digital mapping Present on the car: all signs that can be contradictory (in particular, in a country like ours …) or, in any case, the driver in some special situations may be “forced” to ignore in the name of road safety. On the other hand, the device is called the intelligent speed assistant, not the automatic speed limiter. It should be noted, however, that, in this aspect, the regulation specifies that “the Commission evaluates the reliability and efficiency of new intelligent adaptive systems for speed and the accuracy and error rate of these systems in real driving conditions.” In short, it was not excluded that the rules governing the ISA could change in the future, as well as with regard to the technological development of vehicles, roads or more stringent political indicators.

Lack of attention, distraction and fatigue. With regard to the Driver Inattention and Fatigue Notification System and the Driver Distraction Advance Warning System, the regulation states that they are “designed not to continuously record or retain data other than that necessary in connection with items collected or otherwise processed within a closed loop system.” A neat way of saying that the system will not have to remember, for example, based on facial recognition systems, those who guided despite their fatigue or distraction at the wheel on previous trips. The device will simply have to detect, from time to time, any stress of the person who is driving at that specific moment. The regulation also specifies that collected data “cannot be accessed or made available to third parties at any time and is deleted immediately after treatment. Such systems (inattention, fatigue, distraction, so) is also designed to avoid interference and not report to the driver in a discrete, contemporaneous or cluttered manner if an action triggers more than one action.

Alcoholck will not be mandatory. The installation of a device that prevents the start of the car if the person driving the car has a blood alcohol content above the permissible, which was detected on the basis of a sophisticated sensor system and advanced management software, is not, at present, mandatory. However, manufacturers will have to provide cars with a standard interface that allows, for example, at the disposal of the authorities by certain individuals or at the request of the car buyer, to install certain after-sales equipment.

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