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July 06, 2022 7:39 PM

The State of Food Security and Nutrition report highlights the lagging steps in efforts to eradicate malnutrition

depressing picture

– So the latest report on the subject paints a bleak picture. The numbers highlight how the world has fallen behind in efforts to end hunger and malnutrition. In fact, last year, 2.3 billion people lived in severe or moderate food insecurity, 350 million more than before the pandemic. Instead, 3.1 billion people were unable to afford a healthy diet in 2020, 112 million more than in 2019.

The study also notes the growth of the gender gap: in one year, the gap widened by more than one percentage point, reaching 31.9% of women versus 27.6% of men. Finally, the report estimates that 45 million children under the age of five are wasted and 149 million suffer from stunted growth due to a lack of essential nutrients.

the reasons

– “This report highlights the intensification of these major drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition: extreme climate and economic shocks, along with rising inequality.” These are the words of the heads of the five United Nations agencies that published the report (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO). It is clear that the disruption of international supply chains is the war in Ukraine, which is responsible for the high prices of grain, fertilizer and energy.

solutions for the future

Working together to find common solutions. This is the thought of the directors of the various UN bodies, who agree on the importance of immediate action. “We need to take bolder steps to build resilience to future shocks,” the report said.

A crucial role can be played by the governments of the world’s major countries, which should do more to reduce barriers and encourage the production, supply and consumption of nutritious foods. To promote economic recovery, it is necessary to rethink food and agricultural subsidies.

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