Two cases in Ghana. Its symptoms are similar to Ebola, it is highly contagious

and the Marburg Now to be scary. After monkeypox, the Africa office of the World Health Organization (WHO) reported identification in Ghana From two cases suspected of having a viral disease MarburgOne highly contagious viral hemorrhagic fever From the same family as Ebola. Investigations are underway, in the meantime, the World Health Organization and local authorities are preparing the necessary to manage a possible epidemic.

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Preliminary analysis of samples taken from the two patients (both deceased and unrelated) was performed by the Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research in Accra, the capital of Ghana, and indicated Marburg positivity. The samples were then sent for confirmation to Senegal, to the Pasteur Institute in Dakar, a center collaborating with the World Health Organization.

Marburg epidemic dangers

Health authorities on the ground to investigate the situation and prepare for a possible response to the pandemic. “We are working closely with the country’s authorities to increase detection, contact tracing and preparedness to control the spread of the virus,” said Francis Kasulo, WHO representative in Ghana. Marburg is transmitted to humans by fruit bats and spreads between humans through direct contact with body fluids and infected surfaces and materials. Many patients develop severe bleeding within seven days.

Record-breaking death rates

death rates for Marburg, states the World Health Organization, in previous outbreaks it was between 24% and 88%, depending on the strain of the virus and how the emergency was managed. There are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments to treat the virus, but supportive care — rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids — and treatment of certain symptoms improves survival. “A series of possible treatments are being evaluated, including blood products, immunotherapies, and drug therapies,” the World Health Organization explains.

Marburg, virus symptoms

The symptoms subordinate illness Caused by Marburg virus include headache, reflux and muscle pain. The infection is transmitted by contact with infected blood and other body fluids or tissues. There are no approved vaccines or treatments to treat this virus. In Africa, there have been outbreaks and sporadic cases in Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda, in addition to the case found in August 2022 in Guékidou province in southern Guinea. It is called Marburg virus because the first known outbreak, with around thirty people infected, occurred in West Germany in 1967, in Marburg and Frankfurt, with two other cases in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. It resulted from some infected monkeys, who were sent to three different laboratories in Europe.

Marburg, Ghana confirmed cases

authorities Ghana Two suspected cases of the virus confirmed MarburgSimilar to Ebola, which will be the first in the country and the second in West Africa, after the virus was discovered last year in Guinea. Ghanaian Director-General of Health Services, Patrick Kuma Aboage, said, “The disease (Marburg hemorrhagic fever, editor) was suspected after two individuals who matched the definition of acute hemorrhagic fever were identified, in two different locations in the Ashanti region. Preliminary results indicate that the infection is caused by the Marburg virus. The samples were sent for confirmation to the Pasteur Institute in Dakar, Senegal, with the help of the World Health Organization.”

Kuma Aboage also reported that a total of 34 patients had been identified, both of whom had died, and had been isolated. They are under the supervision of the Ashanti Provincial Health Directorate.” He then called on residents to go to the doctor if they showed symptoms of the disease. “Health authorities on the ground are investigating the situation and preparing to respond to a possible outbreak,” said the WHO representative in Ghana, Francis Kasulu. We are working closely to increase detection and contact tracing and are ready to control the spread of the virus,” he said, stressing that the WHO is deploying experts to support Ghanaian authorities in these efforts.

Last update: Friday, July 8, 2022, at 4:42 pm

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